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Country Map & Estimates of Vision Loss

Nigeria

In 2020 in Nigeria, there were an estimated 24 million people with vision loss. Of these, 1.3 million people were blind.

Nigeria

  • GBD Region
    Western Sub-Saharan Africa
  • GBD Super Region
    Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Population (2020)
    206 million
  • GDP per capita ($US, 2019)
    2,230
  • Human Development Index (HDI) (2019)
    0.53 (low)
  • Blindness (crude)
    0.60%
  • All vision loss (crude)
    10.80%
  • Proportion who are female
    54%
  • Gender ratio (age-std)
    1.04

Breakdown of vision loss chart

Start by selecting how you would like to examine the data:

  • Location: compare up to three different GBD Super Regions, GBD Regions, or countries.
  • Time: look at trends in the data between 1990 and 2020.
  • Age: look at vision loss in 5 year gaps between 50 to 95 plus.
  • Cause: look at how different eye conditions cause vision loss (at GBD Super Region and GBD Region level only).

You can then select the location, year, vision loss measure, age and gender to explore vision loss predicted by the VLEG/GBD 2020 model.

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Crude prevalence of vision loss in Nigeria, China, United States of America, 2020

(all ages, males & females)

Source: Data from VLEG/GBD 2020 model, accessed via the IAPB Vision Atlas
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National indicators for eye health services in Nigeria

Indicator
Data
Rank
Year Last Reported
Data Source
Cataract surgical service delivery
Effective cataract surgical coverage (eCSC)
No data
Cataract surgeries performed (annual)
53,334
34 of 120
Cataract surgical rate (CSR) (per million)
317
157 of 176
2015
Ministry of Health or key respondent
Number of eye care personnel by cadre
No. of ophthalmologists
540
2015
Resnikoff et al., 2020
Ophthalmologists per million
3.0
155 of 191
2015
Resnikoff et al., 2020
No. of optometrists
3,848
2016
National Society
Optometrists per million
20.7
59 of 136
2016
National Society
No. of allied ophthalmic personnel
1855
2016
Ministry of Health or key respondent
Allied ophthalmic personnel per million
10
61 of 102
2016
Ministry of Health or key respondent
Data and assessments
Eye health prevalence data survey completed (since 1987)
Prevalence, RAAB
2016
VLEG, RAAB Repository
Eye Care Service Assessment completed?
ECSAT
2016
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National eye health resources and plans
National Eye Health Co-ordinator
Yes
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National Eye Committee
No data
National Eye Health Plan
Yes
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National Eye Health Plan Start Date
2018
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National Eye Health Plan End Date
2022
Ministry of Health or key respondent