Addressing the Eye Health Work Force Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa

With some country exceptions, Sub-Saharan Africa is characterised by a lack of eye health and vision personnel and this is a significant contributing factor to the high prevalence of avoidable vision impairment and blindness. With ageing populations more disposed to sight loss and with risks such as diabetes increasing, levels of avoidable blindness in the…

Guidelines for Eye Health Committees

The success of VISION 2020: The Right to Sight rests on coordinated action by different sections of government, civil society, international partners, donors and the private sector. Countries are advised to set-up a national coordinating mechanism, or a Committee, to develop a national plan and oversee activities for blindness prevention. Specifically, ‘Towards Universal Eye Health: a Global Action Plan 2014-2019’ (adopted…

Blindness and Non Communicable Diseases

The global emergence of non communicable diseases (NCDs) represents an opportunity for blindness prevention efforts. Some of the most serious blinding conditions fall within the scope of NCDs, and have a similar or greater impact than conditions which have so far achieved greater prominence in discussions around NCDs. The impact of blinding NCDs should be highlighted in discussions with…

Integrating Eye Health into School Health Programmes

Initiatives to improve the health of school children are expanding in coverage and scope, and it is important to integrate eye health into these initiatives. This IAPB briefing paper outlines information about common eye conditions which can affect primary school children and their younger siblings at home, together with ideas of how schools programmes can address them.

Health Systems and Eye Health

Understanding how health systems function and react can be quite complex. In order to clarify what health systems are, the present working paper describes the six main foundations of a health system: human resources, finance, health information, governance, service delivery and consumables and technology. Then through concrete examples, the authors show how general health systems…

Global Symposium on Health Systems Research

Health systems strengthening has become a new buzzword in international health. There is now considerable debate over whether “vertical” disease-specific health interventions overburden national health systems generally. And there is a general consensus that more research is needed. In this paper Dr Haroon Awan summarises the recommendations that emerged from the first Global Symposium on…