Cataract Surgery Protocol – Nepal

Cataract is a leading cause of blindness globally; in Nepal it accounts for approximately 62% of avoidable blindness. Nepal performs nearly 350,000 cataract surgeries every year. Despite the volume of cataract surgeries, the quality of outcomes – 80% of patients should have good visual outcome of 6/18 or better, according to the standard set by…

Tracking universal health coverage: First global monitoring report

Joint WHO/World Bank Group report, June 2015   This report is the first of its kind to measure health service coverage and financial protection to assess countries’ progress towards universal health coverage.   It shows that at least 400 million people do not have access to one or more essential health services and 6% of…

IAPB Africa Regional Advocacy Strategy 2014-2018

In Africa there are an estimated 5.9 million people who are blind and 26.3 million who are visually impaired. This is not a challenge that can be overcome by the NGO sector alone or by "business as usual‟ approaches. It requires a paradigm shift in how eye health services are planned, coordinated and resourced at all levels, ensuring integration…

How to develop a national advocacy strategy on Human Resources for Eye Health

Advocacy is a process of influencing people and institutions in order to achieve a specific outcome. An advocacy campaign is a planned project over a given period of time in order to achieve some specific advocacy goals.  This “How To” guide has been prepared to help you develop an advocacy strategy on Human Resources for…

Situational analysis of eye health care in Zambia

As in almost all African countries, access to eye health care services for 13 million Zambians is inadequate. The VISION 2020 strategy set up a number of objectives that countries should achieve in order to improve access and increase quality of eye care services. These include specific targets for trained personnel, capacities of eye care facilities, cataract surgery…

Eye Health System Assessment in Ghana

Over the last few years, increasing efforts have been invested in exploring the relationship between the eye health system and the general health system. General consensus is emerging in the international eye care community that the effectiveness of eye care interventions can only be improved through a better understanding of how health systems function. A consortium of eye care…

Eye Health System Assessment in Sierra Leone

Over the last few years, increasing efforts have been invested in exploring the relationship between the eye health system and the general health system. General consensus is emerging in the international eye care community that the effectiveness of eye care interventions can only be improved through better understanding how health systems function. A consortium of eye care experts and…

Eye Health System Assessment in Cambodia

Over the last decade interest has increased in understanding the relationship between the eye health system and the general health system. In Cambodia, 90.2% of all bilateral blindness is avoidable with 79.1% curable and 11.1% preventable through the provision of effective eye care services. General consensus is also emerging in the international eye care community that the effectiveness of…

IAPB Africa Human Resources for Eye Health Strategic Plan 2014-2023

IAPB Africa comprises over 30 member agencies working in almost every country in South-Saharan Africa (SSA). Our ambition is to influence change in eye health work force planning in SSA by aligning our efforts with health system strengthening and advocating for the full implementation of the 2014-2019 WHO Action Plan for the Prevention of Avoidable Blindness to achieve Universal Coverage. To achieve…

WHO Global Action Plan 2014-2019

In May 2013 the Sixty-sixth World Health Assembly adopted resolution WHA66.4 entitled ‘Towards universal eye health: a global action plan 2014–2019’. The resolution endorsed the draft action plan for the prevention of avoidable visual impairment for the period 2014–2019, which had been developed by the WHO Secretariat, in close consultation with Member States and international…

Mapping Human Resources for Eye Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Progress towards VISION 2020

Development of human resources for eye health (HReH) is a major focus of the global VISION 2020 strategy to reduce the prevalence of avoidable visual impairment by 25% by the year 2020. The eye health workforce is thought to be much smaller in sub-Saharan Africa than other regions of the world but information on it…

Addressing the Eye Health Work Force Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa

With some country exceptions, Sub-Saharan Africa is characterised by a lack of eye health and vision personnel and this is a significant contributing factor to the high prevalence of avoidable vision impairment and blindness. With ageing populations more disposed to sight loss and with risks such as diabetes increasing, levels of avoidable blindness in the…

Report of the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing

At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), the international community agreed to undertake a major effort to promote sustainable development globally and in every nation and free humanity from poverty and hunger. Member States also agreed to establish the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing and tasked it with developing options for a sustainable…

Regional Action Plan for Universal Eye Health: Americas

According to World Health Organization (WHO) calculations, in 2010 more than 26 million people in the Region of the Americas suffered from a visual impairment. More than 3 million of them were blind and most were over the age of 50. However, nearly 80% of these cases could have been avoided.  In response to these problems, in 2013…

Regional Action Plan for Universal Eye Health: Western Pacific

Towards Universal Eye Health: A Regional Action Plan for the Western Pacific (2014–2019) presents the first such plan for the Region. While its main objectives are aligned with the global action plan for the prevention of avoidable visual impairment, the plan provides a regional context for WHO support to help address specific needs in Asia and the Pacific.…

Regional Action Plan for Universal Eye Health: Eastern Mediterranean

The WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, in collaboration with the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness – Eastern Mediterranean Region (IAPB-EMR), IMPACT EMR and Prevention of Blindness Union (PBU) organized a regional workshop on WHO Global Action Plan 2014-2019 ‘Towards Universal Eye Health’ and Child Eye Health, from 18 to 20 March 2014 in Cairo, Egypt. …

Global Human Resource Development Assessment for Comprehensive Eye Care

Human resources are the most important asset of any health system and their availability and quality are key determinants of efficiency and quality of health services provided. They are crucial to the success and sustainability of all health care provision interventions. Despite worldwide recognition of its importance, there is lack of data on the global…

Eye Health Systems Assessment (EHSA)

Over the last few years, increasing efforts have been invested in exploring the relationship between the eye health system and the general health system. A general consensus is emerging in the international eye care community that the effectiveness of eye care interventions can only be improved through better understanding of how health systems function. The objectives of EHSA are…