Cataract Surgery Protocol – Nepal

Cataract is a leading cause of blindness globally; in Nepal it accounts for approximately 62% of avoidable blindness. Nepal performs nearly 350,000 cataract surgeries every year. Despite the volume of cataract surgeries, the quality of outcomes – 80% of patients should have good visual outcome of 6/18 or better, according to the standard set by…

Does Cataract Surgery Alleviate Poverty? Evidence from a Multi-Centre Intervention Study Conducted in Kenya, the Philippines and Bangladesh

Background Poverty and blindness are believed to be intimately linked, but empirical data supporting this purported relationship are sparse. The objective of this study is to assess whether there is a reduction in poverty after cataract surgery among visually impaired cases. Methodology/Principal Findings A multi-centre intervention study was conducted in three countries (Kenya, Philippines, Bangladesh).…

Prevalence of refractive error in Europe

Abstract To estimate the prevalence of refractive error in adults across Europe. Refractive data (mean spherical equivalent) collected between 1990 and 2013 from fifteen population-based cohort and cross-sectional studies of the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium were combined in a random effects meta-analysis stratified by 5-year age intervals and gender. Participants were excluded if they…

Increasing Prevalence of Myopia in Europe and the Impact of Education

Purpose To investigate whether myopia is becoming more common across Europe and explore whether increasing education levels, an important environmental risk factor for myopia, might explain any temporal trend. Design Meta-analysis of population-based, cross-sectional studies from the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium. Participants The E3 Consortium is a collaborative network of epidemiological studies of common…

The Economic Burden of Vision Loss and Eye Disorders in the United States

Overview The impact of chronic health problems is hard to put into words, so Prevent Blindness America put it into numbers by measuring the economic burden of vision loss and eye disorders. At a cost of $139 billion in 2013, eye disorders and vision loss are among the costliest health conditions currently facing the United…

The Emerging Epidemic of Diabetic Retinopathy in India

This report provides crucial guidance on how best to tackle what is fast becoming a leading cause of blindness in the Commonwealth and around the world. Diabetes, which has now reached epidemic levels, brings with it the devastating threat of vision loss and irreversible blindness. Of the estimated 385 million people diagnosed with diabetes globally, over 65…

Guidelines for School Eye Health in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

Health, including visual health is inextricably linked to school achievement, quality of life, and economic productivity. Health education in the school setting is of fundamental importance as in acquiring and building knowledge of child and adolescent health, the values, abilities, skills and practices necessary for a healthy life are acquired. These best practice guidelines were developed by IMPACT-EMR, EMR-IAPB, Prevention…

Situational analysis and strategy for change in Myanmar

An evaluation of the current eye care status in Myanmar was carried out between 3rd June and 11th Jun 2013 to look at the existing situation pertaining to infrastructure, human resources, service delivery, training facilities and role of other service providers (including nongovernmental organizations) for eye care in Myanmar with the purpose of recommending future directions in Myanmar.  The…

Epidemiology of Blindness in Nepal

Nepal is one of the first countries where a nation-wide population-based survey on blindness and visual impairment was done in 1980-81. Results from this survey helped to mobilise support and to build an elaborate eye care infrastructure in the country.   To reassess the situation, between 2006 and 2010 surveys were repeated in all 14…

Review of recent surveys on blindness and visual impairment in Latin America

Aims: To review recent data on prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment in Latin America. Method: Data from recent population-based prevalence surveys in nine countries in Latin America, covering 30 544 people aged 50 years and older, are presented. Results: The prevalence of bilateral blindness (VA <3/60 in the better eye with available correction)…

IAPB Africa Regional Advocacy Strategy 2014-2018

In Africa there are an estimated 5.9 million people who are blind and 26.3 million who are visually impaired. This is not a challenge that can be overcome by the NGO sector alone or by "business as usual‟ approaches. It requires a paradigm shift in how eye health services are planned, coordinated and resourced at all levels, ensuring integration…

How to develop a national advocacy strategy on Human Resources for Eye Health

Advocacy is a process of influencing people and institutions in order to achieve a specific outcome. An advocacy campaign is a planned project over a given period of time in order to achieve some specific advocacy goals.  This “How To” guide has been prepared to help you develop an advocacy strategy on Human Resources for…

Situational analysis of eye health care in Zambia

As in almost all African countries, access to eye health care services for 13 million Zambians is inadequate. The VISION 2020 strategy set up a number of objectives that countries should achieve in order to improve access and increase quality of eye care services. These include specific targets for trained personnel, capacities of eye care facilities, cataract surgery…

Eye Health System Assessment in Ghana

Over the last few years, increasing efforts have been invested in exploring the relationship between the eye health system and the general health system. General consensus is emerging in the international eye care community that the effectiveness of eye care interventions can only be improved through a better understanding of how health systems function. A consortium of eye care…