Does Cataract Surgery Alleviate Poverty? Evidence from a Multi-Centre Intervention Study Conducted in Kenya, the Philippines and Bangladesh

Background Poverty and blindness are believed to be intimately linked, but empirical data supporting this purported relationship are sparse. The objective of this study is to assess whether there is a reduction in poverty after cataract surgery among visually impaired cases. Methodology/Principal Findings A multi-centre intervention study was conducted in three countries (Kenya, Philippines, Bangladesh).…

Assessment of cataract surgical outcomes in settings where follow-up is poor: PRECOG, a multicentre observational study

Background Poor follow-up after cataract surgery in developing countries makes assessment of operative quality uncertain. We aimed to assess two strategies to measure visual outcome: recording the visual acuity of all patients 3 or fewer days postoperatively (early postoperative assessment), and recording that of only those patients who returned for the final follow-up examination after…

Prevalence of refractive error in Europe

Abstract To estimate the prevalence of refractive error in adults across Europe. Refractive data (mean spherical equivalent) collected between 1990 and 2013 from fifteen population-based cohort and cross-sectional studies of the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium were combined in a random effects meta-analysis stratified by 5-year age intervals and gender. Participants were excluded if they…

Increasing Prevalence of Myopia in Europe and the Impact of Education

Purpose To investigate whether myopia is becoming more common across Europe and explore whether increasing education levels, an important environmental risk factor for myopia, might explain any temporal trend. Design Meta-analysis of population-based, cross-sectional studies from the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium. Participants The E3 Consortium is a collaborative network of epidemiological studies of common…

The Emerging Epidemic of Diabetic Retinopathy in India

This report provides crucial guidance on how best to tackle what is fast becoming a leading cause of blindness in the Commonwealth and around the world. Diabetes, which has now reached epidemic levels, brings with it the devastating threat of vision loss and irreversible blindness. Of the estimated 385 million people diagnosed with diabetes globally, over 65…

Situational analysis and strategy for change in Myanmar

An evaluation of the current eye care status in Myanmar was carried out between 3rd June and 11th Jun 2013 to look at the existing situation pertaining to infrastructure, human resources, service delivery, training facilities and role of other service providers (including nongovernmental organizations) for eye care in Myanmar with the purpose of recommending future directions in Myanmar.  The…

Epidemiology of Blindness in Nepal

Nepal is one of the first countries where a nation-wide population-based survey on blindness and visual impairment was done in 1980-81. Results from this survey helped to mobilise support and to build an elaborate eye care infrastructure in the country.   To reassess the situation, between 2006 and 2010 surveys were repeated in all 14…

Retinopathy of prematurity: A global perspective of the epidemics, population of babies at risk and implications for control

Abstract: Globally at least 50,000 children are blind from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) which is now a significant cause of blindness in many middle income countries in Latin American and Eastern Europe. Retinopathy of prematurity is also being reported from the emerging economies of India and China. The characteristics of babies developing severe disease varies,…

Global prevalence of age-related macular degeneration and disease burden projection for 2020 and 2040: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract: Numerous population-based studies of age-related macular degeneration have been reported around the world, with the results of some studies suggesting racial or ethnic differences in disease prevalence. Integrating these resources to provide summarised data to establish worldwide prevalence and to project the number of people with age-related macular degeneration from 2020 to 2040 would…

ICO Guidelines for Diabetic Eye Care

The International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) developed the ICO Guidelines for Diabetic Eye Care to serve a supportive and educational role for ophthalmologists and eye care providers worldwide. They are intended to improve the quality of eye care for patients around the world. The Guidelines address the needs and requirements for the following levels of service: Low-resource…

The number of people with glaucoma worldwide in 2010 and 2020

Aim: To estimate the number of people with open angle (OAG) and angle closure glaucoma (ACG) in 2010 and 2020. Methods: A review of published data with use of prevalence models. Data from population based studies of age specific prevalence of OAG and ACG that satisfied standard definitions were used to construct prevalence models for…

Glaucoma

Summary: Most medical practitioners have regular contact with adults who have one of the two forms of glaucoma: open-angle glaucoma or angle-closure glaucoma. Data from population-based surveys indicate that one in 40 adults older than 40 years has glaucoma with loss of visual function, which equates to 60 million people worldwide being affected and 8·4…

A Global Survey of Low Vision Service Provision

Purpose: To conduct a global survey of low vision services to describe the needs, priorities, and barriers in provision and coverage. Methods: Data were mainly derived from a survey and from some secondary sources. The survey was distributed to Vision 2020 contacts, government, and non-government organizations (NGOs) in 195 countries during 2006–2008. Themes in the…