First Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness Survey in the Maldives: Prevalence and Causes of Blindness and Cataract Surgery

A nationwide rapid assessment of avoidable blindness survey was undertaken in the Maldives among people aged 50 years or more to assess the prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment, cataract surgical coverage, cataract surgery outcome, and barriers to up‑take of cataract surgical services.

Prevalence of refractive error in Europe

Abstract To estimate the prevalence of refractive error in adults across Europe. Refractive data (mean spherical equivalent) collected between 1990 and 2013 from fifteen population-based cohort and cross-sectional studies of the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium were combined in a random effects meta-analysis stratified by 5-year age intervals and gender. Participants were excluded if they…

Increasing Prevalence of Myopia in Europe and the Impact of Education

Purpose To investigate whether myopia is becoming more common across Europe and explore whether increasing education levels, an important environmental risk factor for myopia, might explain any temporal trend. Design Meta-analysis of population-based, cross-sectional studies from the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium. Participants The E3 Consortium is a collaborative network of epidemiological studies of common…

The Economic Burden of Vision Loss and Eye Disorders in the United States

Overview The impact of chronic health problems is hard to put into words, so Prevent Blindness America put it into numbers by measuring the economic burden of vision loss and eye disorders. At a cost of $139 billion in 2013, eye disorders and vision loss are among the costliest health conditions currently facing the United…

The Emerging Epidemic of Diabetic Retinopathy in India

This report provides crucial guidance on how best to tackle what is fast becoming a leading cause of blindness in the Commonwealth and around the world. Diabetes, which has now reached epidemic levels, brings with it the devastating threat of vision loss and irreversible blindness. Of the estimated 385 million people diagnosed with diabetes globally, over 65…

Situational analysis and strategy for change in Myanmar

An evaluation of the current eye care status in Myanmar was carried out between 3rd June and 11th Jun 2013 to look at the existing situation pertaining to infrastructure, human resources, service delivery, training facilities and role of other service providers (including nongovernmental organizations) for eye care in Myanmar with the purpose of recommending future directions in Myanmar.  The…

Epidemiology of Blindness in Nepal

Nepal is one of the first countries where a nation-wide population-based survey on blindness and visual impairment was done in 1980-81. Results from this survey helped to mobilise support and to build an elaborate eye care infrastructure in the country.   To reassess the situation, between 2006 and 2010 surveys were repeated in all 14…

Review of recent surveys on blindness and visual impairment in Latin America

Aims: To review recent data on prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment in Latin America. Method: Data from recent population-based prevalence surveys in nine countries in Latin America, covering 30 544 people aged 50 years and older, are presented. Results: The prevalence of bilateral blindness (VA <3/60 in the better eye with available correction)…

Mapping Human Resources for Eye Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Progress towards VISION 2020

Development of human resources for eye health (HReH) is a major focus of the global VISION 2020 strategy to reduce the prevalence of avoidable visual impairment by 25% by the year 2020. The eye health workforce is thought to be much smaller in sub-Saharan Africa than other regions of the world but information on it…

RAAB + DR Survey Report – Moldova 2012

This is the report of the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness and Diabetic Retinopathy (RAAB+DR) survey conducted in Moldova from May-July 2012. Standard RAAB plus DR survey methodology was used to select and examine a total of 3885 persons 50 years and older across the whole country. The prevalence of blindness is 1.6%, with cataract,…

Eye Health Care in Central and South Eastern Europe in 2009

Report of an investigation into the eye health situation and services in eight countries in Central and South Eastern Europe in 2009 carried out by the Lions International Educational Centre of Ophthalmology, Prague, Czech Republic.  The eight principal countries investigated were: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Serbia. Additional information was obtained from…