This is the report of the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness and Diabetic Retinopathy (RAAB+DR) survey conducted in Moldova from May-July 2012. Standard RAAB plus DR survey methodology was used to select and examine a total of 3885 persons 50 years and older across the whole country.
The prevalence of blindness is 1.6%, with cataract, glaucoma and other posterior segment diseases as major causes. Rural areas have cataract as major cause of blindness while it was glaucoma in urban areas. The cataract surgical coverage was 77.8%. The prevalence of diabetes among those 50 years and older was 11.4% and prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy among those with diabetes was 55.9%, with sight threatening conditions in 14.6%.
The survey was an international research collaboration between The Fred Hollows Foundation (UK), HelpAge International Moldova, State Medical and Pharmaceutical University “Nicolae Testemitanu” and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova.