Adelson, J., Bourne, R. R. A., Briant, P. S., Flaxman, S., Taylor, H., Jonas, J. B., et al., Causes of blindness and vision impairment in 2020 and trends over 30 years, and prevalence of avoidable blindness in relation to VISION 2020: the Right to Sight: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet Global Health. 2020.
Abou-Gareeb, I., S. Lewallen, K. Bassett, and P. Courtright, ‘Gender and Blindness: A Meta-Analysis of Population-Based Prevalence Surveys’, Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 8.1 (2001), 39–56 https://doi.org/10.1076/opep.22.214.171.1240
Bourne R, Steinmetz J, Flaxman S, et al., Trends in prevalence of blindness and distance and near vision impairment over 30 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet Glob Health. 2020.
Brilliant GE, Brilliant LB. Using social epidemiology to understand who stays blind and who gets operated for cataract in a rural setting. Social Science and Medicine 1985;21:553-8.
Cromwell, Elizabeth A., Paul Courtright, Jonathan D. King, Lisa A. Rotondo, Jeremiah Ngondi, and Paul M. Emerson, ‘The Excess Burden of Trachomatous Trichiasis in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis’, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2009, 985–92 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2009.03.012
Fletcher AE, Donoghue M, Devavaram J, Thulasiraj RD, Scott S, Abdalla M, et al. Low uptake of eye services in rural India: a challenge for programmes of blindness prevention. Archives of Ophthalmology 1999;117:1393-9.
Frank, Charles R., Xiaoling Xiang, Brian C. Stagg, and Joshua R. Ehrlich, ‘Longitudinal Associations of Self-Reported Vision Impairment with Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression among Older Adults in the United States’, JAMA Ophthalmology, 137.7 (2019), 793–800 https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.1085
Fricke, Timothy R., Nina Tahhan, Serge Resnikoff, Eric Papas, Anthea Burnett, Suit May Ho, and others, ‘Global Prevalence of Presbyopia and Vision Impairment from Uncorrected Presbyopia: Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Modelling’, Ophthalmology, 125.10 (2018), 1492–99 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2018.04.013
Gupta SK, Murthy GVS. Distances travelled to reach surgical eye camps. World Health Forum 1995;16:180-1.
Holden, Brien A., Timothy R. Fricke, David A. Wilson, Monica Jong, Kovin S. Naidoo, Padmaja Sankaridurg, and others, ‘Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050’, Ophthalmology, 123.5 (2016), 1036–42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.01.006
Kuper, Hannah, Sarah Polack, Wanjiku Mathenge, Cristina Eusebio, Zakia Wadud, Mamunur Rashid, and Allen Foster. 2010. “Does Cataract Surgery Alleviate Poverty? Evidence from a Multi-Centre Intervention Study Conducted in Kenya, the Philippines and Bangladesh.” Edited by Marie-Louise Newell. PLoS ONE 5 (11): e15431. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015431.
Lewallen, Susan, and Paul Courtright, ‘Gender and Use of Cataract Surgical Services in Developing Countries’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 80.4 (2002), 300–303
Ma, Xiaochen, Zhongqiang Zhou, Hongmei Yi, Xiaopeng Pang, Yaojiang Shi, Qianyun Chen, and others, ‘Effect of Providing Free Glasses on Children’s Educational Outcomes in China: Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial’, BMJ, 349 (2014)
Ogurtsova, K, J D Da, Rocha Fernandes, Y Huang, U Linnenkamp, L Guariguata, and others, ‘IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global Estimates for the Prevalence of Diabetes for 2015 and 2040’, 2017 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2017.03.024
Reddy, Priya Adhisesha, Nathan Congdon, Graeme MacKenzie, Parikshit Gogate, Qing Wen, Catherine Jan, and others, ‘Effect of Providing near Glasses on Productivity among Rural Indian Tea Workers with Presbyopia (PROSPER): A Randomised Trial’, The Lancet Global Health, 6.9 (2018), e1019–27
Smirthwaite, Goldina, Mats Lundström, Susanne Albrecht, and Katarina Swahnberg, ‘Indication Criteria for Cataract Extraction and Gender Differences in Waiting Time’, Acta Ophthalmologica, 92.5 (2014), 432–38
Teo, Zhen Ling, et al. ‘Global Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy and Projection of Burden through 2045: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.’ Ophthalmology (2021)..2021.04.027
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division. World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights. (2019).
World Health Organization (WHO), World Report on Vision (Geneva, 2019)
Yau, Joanne W.Y., Sophie L. Rogers, Rho Kawasaki, Ecosse L. Lamoureux, Jonathan W. Kowalski, Toke Bek, and others, ‘Global Prevalence and Major Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy’, Diabetes Care, 35.3 (2012), 556–64 <https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1909>
Zhang, Tong, Wenjie Jiang, Xinyuan Song, and Dongfeng Zhang, ‘The Association between Visual Impairment and the Risk of Mortality: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies’, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (BMJ Publishing Group, 2016), 836–42