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Country Map & Estimates of Vision Loss

India

In 2020 in India, there were an estimated 270 million people with vision loss. Of these, 9.2 million people were blind.

India

  • GBD Region
    South Asia
  • GBD Super Region
    South Asia
  • Population (2020)
    1380 million
  • GDP per capita ($US, 2019)
    2,104
  • Human Development Index (HDI) (2019)
    0.65 (medium)
  • Blindness (crude)
    0.60%
  • All vision loss (crude)
    19.30%
  • Proportion who are female
    53%
  • Gender ratio (age-std)
    1.1

Breakdown of vision loss chart

If you would like to explore these data in different ways, you can select:

  • Location: compare up to three different countries.
  • Time: look at trends in the data between 1990 and 2020.
  • Age: look at vision loss for all ages compared to adults aged 50+.

You can then select the location, year, vision loss measure, age and gender to explore vision loss predicted by the VLEG/GBD 2020 model.

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Crude prevalence of vision loss in India, Nigeria, Mexico, 2020

(all ages, males & females)

Source: Data from VLEG/GBD 2020 model, accessed via the IAPB Vision Atlas
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National indicators for eye health services in India

IAPB has collected key national indicator data on an annual basis since 2008.

Data sources include Ministry of Health staff or other key respondents, as well as published data. Data have not been received for all countries, or all indicators. The “Year Last Reported” column shows the most recent data received, and “No data” indicates no data available to IAPB in any year since 2008.

More information on data sources and limitations is available on the National indicators page.

Indicator
Data
Rank
Year Last Reported
Data Source
Cataract surgical service delivery
Effective cataract surgical coverage (eCSC)
No data
Cataract surgeries performed (annual)
No data
Cataract surgical rate (CSR) (per million)
5,050
35 of 176
2014
Wang et al., 2016
Number of eye care personnel by cadre
No. of ophthalmologists
22,000
2018
Ministry of Health or key respondent
Ophthalmologists per million
13
122 of 191
2018
Ministry of Health or key respondent
No. of optometrists
54,000
2020
WCO/AVRI/BHVI
Optometrists per million
39.1
63 of 159
2020
WCO/AVRI/BHVI
No. of allied ophthalmic personnel
40000
2019
Ministry of Health or key respondent
Allied ophthalmic personnel per million
29
40 of 102
2019
Ministry of Health or key respondent
Data and assessments
Eye health prevalence data survey completed (since 1987)
Prevalence, RAAB
2020
VLEG, Ministry of Health
Eye Care Service Assessment completed?
ECSAT
2015
Ministry of Health or key respondent
International Vision Health Scorecard
No data
National eye health resources and plans
National Eye Health Co-ordinator
Yes
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National Eye Committee
Yes
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National Eye Health Plan
Yes
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National Eye Health Plan Start Date
No data
Ministry of Health or key respondent
National Eye Health Plan End Date
No data
Ministry of Health or key respondent