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Inequality in Vision Loss

Vision loss is unequally distributed.

There are differences in the ways different population groups are affected by vision loss.

Socioeconomic disadvantage

90% of people with vision loss live in low- and middle-income countries

Vision loss is linked to socioeconomic disadvantage. South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa experience the highest rates of vision loss.

Inequalities within regions, countries and communities also exist but are often masked by national averages.

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Ageing

73% of people with vision loss are aged 50 years and older

Vision loss is linkd to ageing. Rates of vision loss increase quickly every decade above 50 years.

Health promotion and early detection can delay or prevent many causes of vision loss.

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Gender

609 million women and girls live with vision loss

This is compared to 497 million men and boys. One reason for this is that is that women typically have a longer life expectancy than men. Beyond this, women experience a higher rate of vision loss, than men for many conditions across every stage of life.

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