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November 2021 COVID-19 and Eye Health Round Up

Published: 07.02.2022
IAPB Knowledge Management team

Child eye health: myopia & digital eye strain

  • Online Learning-Related Visual Function Impairment During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic. Front Public Health. 2021 Nov 29;9:645971. PMID: 34912766; PMCID: PMC8666689.
  • Effect of School-Based Family Health Education via Social Media on Children’s Myopia and Parents’ Awareness: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2021 Nov 1;139(11):1165-1172. PMID: 34529026; PMCID: PMC8446904.
  • COVID-19 Home Quarantine Accelerated the Progression of Myopia in Children Aged 7 to 12 Years in China. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2021 Aug 2;62(10):37. PMID: 34463719; PMCID: PMC8411864.
  • Examining risk factors related to digital learning and social isolation: Youth visual acuity in COVID-19 pandemic. J Glob Health. 2021 Aug 21;11:05020. PMID: 34484707; PMCID: PMC8397325.
  • Binocular Accommodation and Vergence Dysfunction in Children Attending Online Classes During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Digital Eye Strain in Kids (DESK) Study-2. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2021 Jul-Aug;58(4):224-231. Epub 2021 Jul 1. PMID: 34288760.
  • Survey on the Progression of Myopia in Children and Adolescents in Chongqing During COVID-19 Pandemic. Front Public Health. 2021 Apr 28;9:646770. PMID: 33996724; PMCID: PMC8115404.

Emergency Department/Clinic settings

Tertiary care

  • Telemedicine Evaluations in Neuro-Ophthalmology During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Patient and Physician Surveys. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Sep 1;41(3):356-361. PMID: 34415269.
  • Preoperative COVID-19 Testing for Elective Ophthalmological Procedure in a Tertiary Health Care Centre: Our Experience During the Pandemic. Clin Ophthalmol. 2021 Sep 14;15:3841-3845. PMID: 34548780; PMCID: PMC8449681.
  • Impact of COVID-19 pandemic and national lockdown on ocular trauma at a tertiary eye care institute. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar;69(3):709-713. PMID: 33595506; PMCID: PMC7942066.


  • COVID-19-associated rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression analysis. Indian J Pharmacol. 2021 Nov-Dec;53(6):499-510. PMID: 34975140.
  • Increased incidence of rhino-orbital mucormycosis in an educational therapeutic hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic in western Iran: An observational study. Mycoses. 2021 Nov;64(11):1366-1377. Epub 2021 Jul 31. PMID: 34252988; PMCID: PMC8447086.
  • Clinical Presentations, Management and Outcomes of Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis (ROCM) Following COVID-19: A Multi-Centric Study. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2021 Sep-Oct 01;37(5):488-495. PMID: 34314399; PMCID: PMC8425514.
  • Rhino-orbital Mucormycosis as a complication of severe COVID-19 pneumonia. IDCases. 2021;26:e01293. Epub 2021 Sep 25. PMID: 34603963; PMCID: PMC8464083.
  • Epidemiology, clinical profile, management, and outcome of COVID-19-associated rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis in 2826 patients in India – Collaborative OPAI-IJO Study on Mucormycosis in COVID-19 (COSMIC), Report 1. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2021 Jul;69(7):1670-1692. PMID: 34156034; PMCID: PMC8374756.
  • Rhino-orbital mucormycosis during steroid therapy in COVID-19 patients: A case report. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2021 Apr 10:11206721211009450. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33843287.

Eye Diseases

  • Predicting the immediate impact of national lockdown on neovascular age-related macular degeneration and associated visual morbidity: an INSIGHT Health Data Research Hub for Eye Health report. Br J Ophthalmol. 2021 Sep 13:bjophthalmol-2021-319383. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34518162.
  • Long-term follow-up of choroidal changes following COVID-19 infection: analysis of choroidal thickness and choroidal vascularity index. Can J Ophthalmol. 2021 Jul 5:S0008-4182(21)00246-5. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34302757; PMCID: PMC8255099.

Dry Eye, Asthenopia & Digital eyestrain among adults


  • Evaluation of a Telemedicine Model for Following Keratoconus Patients in the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic. Telemed J E Health. 2021 Nov 17. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34788576.
  • Association of Patient Characteristics With Delivery of Ophthalmic Telemedicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2021 Nov 1;139(11):1174-1182. PMID: 34554212; PMCID: PMC8461546.
  • A Systematic Review of Current Teleophthalmology Services in New Zealand Compared to the Four Comparable Countries of the United Kingdom, Australia, United States of America (USA) and Canada. Clin Ophthalmol. 2021 Oct 4;15:4015-4027. PMID: 34675470; PMCID: PMC8500493.
  • An evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of telephone triage in prioritising patient visits to an ophthalmic emergency department – the impact of COVID-19. Ir J Med Sci. 2021 Oct 19:1–6. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34668106; PMCID: PMC8526050.
  • Pediatric Ophthalmology Provider and Staff Attitudes and Patient Satisfaction in Telehealth Implementation During COVID-19. Telemed J E Health. 2021 Sep 14. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34520277.

Ocular transmission, detection & manifestation of COVID-19

  • COVID-19: Update on Its Ocular Involvements, and Complications From Its Treatments and Vaccinations. Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). 2021 Nov 24;10(6):521-529. PMID: 34839344; PMCID: PMC8673850.
  • COVID-19 and the Eye: Ocular Manifestations, Treatment and Protection Measures. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2021 Aug 18;29(6):1225-1233. Epub 2021 Oct 14. PMID: 34648417.

Case Reports

  • Isolated Abducens Nerve Palsy in a Patient With COVID-19: A Case Report and Literature Review. Neurologist. 2021 Nov 30. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34855673.
  • Face Mask-Associated Recurrent Corneal Erosion Syndrome and Corneal Infection. Eye Contact Lens. 2021 Oct 1;47(10):573-574. PMID: 34483243.
  • Series of cases of acute acquired comitant esotropia in children associated with excessive online classes on smartphone during COVID-19 pandemic; digital eye strain among kids (DESK) study-3. Strabismus. 2021 Sep;29(3):163-167. Epub 2021 Jul 5. PMID: 34223812.
  • Reactivation of herpes simplex keratitis following vaccination for COVID-19. BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Sep 7;14(9):e245792. PMID: 34493563; PMCID: PMC8424829.
  • Unilateral diplopia and ptosis in a child with COVID-19 revealing third cranial nerve palsy. J Infect Public Health. 2021 Sep;14(9):1198-1200. Epub 2021 Aug 10. PMID: 34416597; PMCID: PMC8352849.
  • COVID-19 lockdown measures induced severe iron-deficiency anaemia resulting in central retinal vein occlusion and amenorrhea. BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Aug 24;14(8):e242639. PMID: 34429287; PMCID: PMC8386235.
  • Multiple Approaches for Managing Complex Ophthalmic Blunt Trauma: A Case Report. Int Med Case Rep J. 2021 Mar 31;14:205-210. PMID: 33833590; PMCID: PMC8020129.


  • Systematic review: SARS-COV-2 contagion prevention measures in vision health professionals. Oman J Ophthalmol. 2021 Oct 20;14(3):136-143. PMID: 34880572; PMCID: PMC8597808.

Patient perspectives

  • Ophthalmic Virtual Visit Utilization and Patient Satisfaction During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Telemed J E Health. 2021 Oct 4. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34609934.
  • Evaluating Well-being of Individuals With Chronic Visual Conditions Requiring Regular Eyecare During COVID-19 Lockdown: A Cross-Sectional Study. Eye Contact Lens. 2021 Oct 1;47(10):559-564. PMID: 34542424.

Primary eye care

COVID-19 guidance for primary eye care services in England 

Eye Donation and Banking

  • COVID-19 positivity rate in corneal tissue donors – A cause for concern! Indian J Ophthalmol. 2021 Oct;69(10):2808-2811. PMID: 34571639; PMCID: PMC8597523.
  • Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Keratoplasty and Corneal Eye Banking. Cornea. 2021 Aug 1;40(8):1018-1023. PMID: 34029240; PMCID: PMC8244805.
  • Awareness Regarding Eye Donation and Effects of COVID-19 on Its Perception: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study From India. Exp Clin Transplant. 2021 Jul;19(7):717-722. Epub 2021 May 6. PMID: 33952176.
  • Corneal Donation: Current Guidelines and Future Direction. Clin Ophthalmol. 2021 Jul 12;15:2963-2973. PMID: 34285462; PMCID: PMC8285277.
  • SARS-CoV-2: Impact on, Risk Assessment and Countermeasures in German Eye Banks. Curr Eye Res. 2021 May;46(5):666-671. Epub 2020 Oct 4. PMID: 33016144.

Other impacts of COVID-19 on vision, eye health & eye health professionals

  • Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Refractive Surgery. Curr Ophthalmol Rep. 2021 Oct 22:1-6. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34721950; PMCID: PMC8532571.
  • Risk factors for mental health symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic in ophthalmic personnel and students in USA (& Canada): a cross-sectional survey study. BMC Psychiatry. 2021 Oct 26;21(1):528. PMID: 34702234; PMCID: PMC8546753.
  • Impact of COVID-19 on Eye Care in Spain during the First Phase of the Pandemic. J Clin Med. 2021 Sep 10;10(18):4087. PMID: 34575198; PMCID: PMC8464706.
  • Eye Health, COVID-19, and the Occupational Health Professional: Round Table. Workplace Health Saf. 2021 Aug;69(8):352-358. PMID: 34279149; PMCID: PMC8290515.
  • The Pediatric Eye Health Challenge Beyond 2020. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Jul 12;105(3):555-556. PMID: 34252053; PMCID: PMC8592355.
  • Innovative tools to advance trachoma elimination in the context of COVID-19. Community Eye Health. 2021;34(111):28-29. Epub 2021 Jul 20. PMID: 34712023; PMCID: PMC8528063.
  • The Implications of COVID-19 to Ophthalmology. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2021;1318:637-655. PMID: 33973203.

Photo credit: Shamim Khan