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Nepal is one of the first countries where a nation-wide population-based survey on blindness and visual impairment was done in 1980-81. Results from this survey helped to mobilise support and to build an elaborate eye care infrastructure in the country.

To reassess the situation, between 2006 and 2010 surveys were repeated in all 14 zones of Nepal. This report enables the comparison of the present situation with the findings of the 1981 Nepal Blindness Survey and evaluation of the impact of the eye care system for future planning of eye care services in Nepal.