Human resources (HR) for eye health is a key pillar for World Health Organization (WHO) and International Agency for Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) VISION 2020: The Right To Sight and has also been recognized as priority in the WHO Global Action Plan 2014-19. One of the objectives of GAP is to develop and maintain a sustainable workforce for providing comprehensive eye care. This includes recruitment, training, career development and retention. However, there are issues related to this as well as issues with of efficiency and effectiveness of existing HR in different parts of the world. Through these set of case studies from India, Latin America and East Africa we try to offer insight into priority points in the organization of the eye health workforce, systems for training as well as consideration of retaining and providing continuing professional development for these vital resource people.