Ukrainian – English Ophthalmic Dictionary

The advances in modern ophthalmology, the introduction of novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, the opportunities for communication between ophthalmologists from different countries and their participation in international conferences and courses require some knowledge of languages. There are many doctors who speak different languages, but most of them need to know the professional terminology in order…

Polish – English Ophthalmic Dictionary

Ophthalmology is rapidly becoming a global profession. The increasing number of international conferences and symposia, the expansion of internet teaching and the numerous new ophthalmic journals mean that ophthalmologists need no longer be isolated. In addition the advances in modern ophthalmology together with the introduction of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches have broadened the opportunities…

Prevalence of refractive error in Europe

Abstract To estimate the prevalence of refractive error in adults across Europe. Refractive data (mean spherical equivalent) collected between 1990 and 2013 from fifteen population-based cohort and cross-sectional studies of the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium were combined in a random effects meta-analysis stratified by 5-year age intervals and gender. Participants were excluded if they…

Increasing Prevalence of Myopia in Europe and the Impact of Education

Purpose To investigate whether myopia is becoming more common across Europe and explore whether increasing education levels, an important environmental risk factor for myopia, might explain any temporal trend. Design Meta-analysis of population-based, cross-sectional studies from the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) Consortium. Participants The E3 Consortium is a collaborative network of epidemiological studies of common…

RAAB + DR Survey Report – Moldova 2012

This is the report of the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness and Diabetic Retinopathy (RAAB+DR) survey conducted in Moldova from May-July 2012. Standard RAAB plus DR survey methodology was used to select and examine a total of 3885 persons 50 years and older across the whole country. The prevalence of blindness is 1.6%, with cataract,…

Eye Health Care in Central and South Eastern Europe in 2009

Report of an investigation into the eye health situation and services in eight countries in Central and South Eastern Europe in 2009 carried out by the Lions International Educational Centre of Ophthalmology, Prague, Czech Republic.  The eight principal countries investigated were: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Serbia. Additional information was obtained from…