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Empowering marginalised people with respect to eye care needs and the importance of vision for all will reaffirm the right of every human being, without distinction, to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.

The right of every individual

The right of every individual

Image by Michael Schoenfeld for John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Health

Marginalised and socially disadvantaged population groups experience more difficulty accessing the eye health care they need. There is evidence of substantial inequality in the prevalence of vision impairment and avoidable blindness amongst indigenous peoples globally, and it is underreported and under-measured. 73% of people with vision loss are aged 50 years and older, with rates of vision loss quickly increasing every decade above 50 years. Man-made and climate-related disasters disrupt and strain health systems leading to increased vision impairment and permanent sight loss for displaced populations. This pervasive inequality needs to be addressed. Proportionate universalism, a promising strategy in pursuit of Universal Health Coverage, aims to improve outcomes for all population groups but targets disadvantaged groups. This ensures that improvement flows proportionate to the level of need at the outset, with the greatest benefit for the most disadvantaged.

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UN Photo exhibition, SDGs, IAPB